Employee Minimum Age Laws Colorado
In this article
Age Laws Overview
There are two acts one Federal and one State that stipulate the youth employment laws covering Colorado employers:
1. Colorado Youth Employment Opportunity Act ( CYEOA)
2. Fair Labor Standards Act ( FLSA)
Whichever law sets the higher standard or provides the greater protection to the employee would apply.
Under 18 Years Old
The CYEOA defines a minor as anyone under the age of 18 and restricts employers ability to work a minor more than 40 hours in a week or more than eight hours in any 24-hour period. Additional caveats apply, so please refer to the Colorado Department of Labor's Youth Law page directly to see how this could apply to your situation.
Under 16 Years Old
According to the Colorado Dept. of Labor, "Overall work limitations for those under 16 are: no more than three hours on a school day including Fridays; a limit of eight hours on a non-school day; and no work time in excess of 18 hours during a school week. For the purposes of enforcement in this area, Friday is considered a school day. Additionally, on school days, during school hours, no minor under the age of 16 is permitted employment unless he or she has a school release permit. Such a permit can be issued only by the superintendent of the school district where the minor is enrolled. Minors under 16 can work between 7:00am and 7:00pm during the basic school year, but between June 1 and Labor Day, the evening hours are extended to 9:00pm. Those standards do not apply to persons aged 16 and 17 or to minors employed as actors, models or performers.
Exemptions & Restrictions
There are various exemptions & restrictions as to the type of work that may be performed covering Youth aged 9 and above. Please visit the Colorado Department of Labor's detailed Youth Law Page for more specifics before engaging the employment of a minor. In addition, please see the FLSA page on hazardous jobs.
Here is a one page Colorado Youth Law fact sheet you might print and post in your job site to insure your employees and managers understand the rules to stay compliant.